The Vannamei Prawns Aquaculture based Coastal Carrying Capacity in The Coast Areas of Indramayu

Dwi Putri Wigiani, Bambang Widigdo, Kadarwan Soewardi, Taryono Taryono, Aldiano Rahmadya

Abstract

The utilization of coastal area nowadays is commonly used for vannamei prawns aquaculture, either with traditional technology “plus” and intensive technology. The regency of Indramayu is a district in which coastal regions are now utilized to vannamei prawns aquaculture. The uncontrolled development of this aquaculture farming will cause an impact on the surrounding environment, and will eventually threaten other environment sectors in the coastal areas of Indramayu. This research was aimed to calculate the carrying capacity of Indramayu sub-district coastal area. The results of the measurement of the coastal area in Indramayu showed that the aquaculture activities were not exceeding its carrying capacity. It is demonstrated by the high productivity of biomass, which is 21 000 tons of vannamei prawn per year from the ideal productivity of only 1959 tons per year. This condition could be occurred due to the water quality in the coastal of Indramayu is still relatively good with the quality status of mild pollutants.

Keywords

vannamei, coast, carrying capacity

Full Text:

PDF

References

[DJPB] Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Budidaya. 2016. Aquaculture statistics pocketbook year of 2015. Jakarta (ID). Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries

[DKPKI] Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Indramayu. 2017. Macro indicators of the performance of the marine and fisheries service in Indramayu Regency in 2016. http://diskanla.indramayukab.go.id/2017/10/17/profil-diskanla-2017/

[KLH] Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup. 2003. Regulation of the Ministry of Environment of Indonesia No.115 of 2003 concerning Status of Water Quality. Jakarta (ID): KLH.

[KLH] Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup. 2004. Regulation of the Ministry of Environment of Indonesia No.51 Tahun 2004 concerning Sea Water Quality Standards. Jakarta (ID): KLH.

Andriyono S. 2010. Estuary Porong Status Based on Klorofil-A Index and Total Sedimen Solid (TSS). Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan No 2. Vol. 2.

Boyd CE, Musig Y. 1992. Shrimp pond effluents. Proceedings Special Session on Shrimp Farming. Wyban JA.ed. Baton Rouge, LA: World Aquaculture Society

Darmawan H, Masduqi A. 2014. Index of seawater pollution in the North Coast of Tuban with TSS parameters and non-metallic chemistry. Jurnal Teknik Pomits. 3(1): D16 – D20.

Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA). 2014. Best aquaculture practices certification: Supplementary interpretation guideline – BAP RAS hatchery effluent guidance amendment to finfish, crustaceans and mollusk hatcheries and nurseries standard. www.bapcertification.org/standars/

Ottinger M, Clauss K, Kuenzer C. 2016. Aquaculture: Relevance, distribution, impacts and spatial assessments - A review. J. Ocean & Coastal Management. 119 (2016) 244- 266. Elsevier.

Parwati E. 2014. Dynamics Analysis of TSS (Total Suspended Solid) Fluctuations along the Muara-Laut Watershed in Berau Waters in East Kalimantan. Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh. Hal : 662 – 670.

Rakocy JE, Allison R. 1981. Evaluation of closed recirculating systems for the culture of tilapia aquatic macrophytes. Proceedings of the bio-engineering symposium for fish culture. Bethesda, Md. Fish Culture Section, American Fisheries Society. p. 296-307

Sanusi, H.S. 2006. Marine chemistry. Physical-chemical processes and their interactions with the environment. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 188 hlm.

Soewardi K. 2017. Sustainable Management of Sustainable Aquatic Resources for Community Welfare: Concepts and Implementation. Professor Scientific Oration. Orasi Ilmiah Guru Besar. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Supardi, I. 1994. The environment and its sustainability. Alumni Publisher. Bandung. 238 page US Environmental Protection Agency. 1973. Water Quality Criteria 1972, EPA-R3-73-033-March 1973. 177 p.

Supriharyono. 2002. Management of coastal resources in the tropics. Jakarta (ID): PT. Gramedia.

Suwargana N. 2002. Conformity of conventional ponds through land quality and product testing with the help of remote sensing data and GIS. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Triatmodjo B. 1999. Coastal Engineering: 2nd edition. Yogyakarta. Beta Offset

Widigdo B, Pariwono J. 2003. Carrying capacity of waters on the North Coast of West Java for shrimp farming (Case studies in Subang District, Jakarta Bay, and Serang). Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia 10(1):10-17.

Yasin M. 2013. Economic analysis of shrimp pond business based on a land area in Parigi Moutong Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. Jurnal Ilmiah AgrIBA No. 2.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.