Frequent Feeding Improves Growth and Body Composition of Juvenile Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) reared in Recirculating Aquaculture System

Victor David Nico Gultom, Dicky harwanto, Sung Yong Oh, Jae Yoon Jo


Common carp is a major aquaculture species. Frequent feeding in aquaculture species resulted in improved growth parameters and feed conversion rate. Overfeeding cause water quality deterioration, increase labor cost, increase feed cost, and reduce profit. We examine the effect of feeding frequency on growth, feed conversion rate, and body composition of juvenile common carp. Feeding frequencies of one, three, five, six, seven, and eight meals daily were given to juvenile common carp for 60 days. Fish grew from an initial body weight of 2.4 g up to 15.2 g (one meal daily), 37.5 g (three meals daily), 50.4 g (five meals daily), 53.6 g (six meals daily), 55.4 g (seven meals daily), and 51.1 g (eight meals daily). Significantly higher final weight was exhibited by fish in groups fed six meals and seven meals daily compared to groups fed three meals and one meal daily. Lipid content of the group fed one meal daily was the lowest. No significant difference in final weight, specific growth rate, feed intake and, feed conversion rate between group fed six and seven meals daily. Feeding six meals daily is the optimum feeding frequency for juvenile common carp.


Feeding frequency; Growth; Body composition; Common carp; Cyprinus carpio.

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