Mohamad Fadjar


      The occurrence of luminescent shrimp pond water can be prevented from the conditions of existing environmental factors, including water quality and microorganisms. One of the preventive efforts that can be done is to use a prediction model to prevent the occurrence of cases of luminescent shrimp pond water, by combining the parameters that play a role in the shrimp pond water with STELLA (System Thinking, Experimental Learning laboratory with Animation) application system. The occurrence of cases of luminescent ponds which are still often found in East Java, Indonesia; inspire to create predictive models for the emergence of luminescent shrimp pond water cases.       The target of this research was a prediction  model to determine when the phenomenon of shrimp pond water is luminescence which can be used by white leg shrimp (L. vannamei) farmers by using the STELLA 9.1.4 application. This research was an experimental descriptive study based on bioluminescence in white leg shrimp farm. Measurement of the daily water quality sampling was dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity and temperature. Meanwhile, weekly measurements were made for nitrate, nitrite, alkalinity, Total Organic Matter (TOM), and plankton. Meanwhile, the bacterial test was only carried out when the pond luminescent. The result of this research was a prediction model for prevention of luminescent shrimp pond water. The bacteria found were Pseudomonas sp. and phytoplankton was dominated by diatom, chlorella, and. Peridinium  sp., a dinoflagellate,  was a suspect causing of luminescent shrimp water pond.


bioluminescence, Peridinium sp., Litopenaeus vannamei, dinoflagellate

Full Text:



American Public Health Association (APHA). 2005. Standard Methods for The Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21th Edition. APHA, AWWA (American Water Works Association and WPCF (Water Pollution Control Federation). Washington D.C.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 2006. SNI 01- 7246-2006: Produksi Udang Vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei) di Tambak dengan Teknologi Intensif. Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 13 hlm.

Boyd, C.E., 1998. Water quality for pond aquaculture. Research and Development Series No. 43. International Center for Aquaculture and Aquatic Environments, Alabama Agricultural Experimental Station, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama.

Buskey, E.J., C.j. Coulter, and S.L. Brown. 1994. Feeding, growth and bioluminescence of the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Protoperidinium huberi. Marine Biology, 121:373-380.

Cusick, K.D. and Edith A. Widder. 2020. Bioluminescence and toxicity as driving factors in harmful algal blooms: Ecological functions and genetic variability. Harmful Algae.

Davis, C. 1995. The Marine and Fresh Water Plankton. Michigan State University Press.

Direkbusarakom S (1998) Inhibitory effect of Vibrio alginolyticus on the growth of V. harveyi. Fish Pathology (in press)Panichsuke P, Ruangpan L, Pechmanee T (1997) Inhibitory effect of Skeletonema costatum on the growth of Vibrio harveyi In : Abstract of poster session of the 2nd Asian-Pacific.

Direkbusarakom S, Pechmanee T, Assavaaree M, Danayadol Y (1997b) Effect of Chlorella on the growth of Vibrio isolated from diseased shrimp. In : Flegel TW, MacRae IH (eds) Disease in Asian Aquaculture III. Fish Health Section, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila p 355-358

Haddock, S.H.D.; Moline, M.A.; and Case, J.F. 2010. Bioluminescence in the sea. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci. 2: 443–493.

Harvey, E.N. 1957. A History of Luminescence from the Earliest Times Until 1900: From the Earliest Times Until 1900; Dover Publications: Mineola, NY, USA; p. 692.

Janakiram P., Veerendra Kumar M., Jayasree L., Sivaprasad B. 2014. Probiotic activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PIC-4) isolated from Visakhapatnam coast, Bay of Bengal, India, against Vibrio harveyi in Penaeus monodon. International Journal of fisheries and Aquatic Study. 1(6);199-207.

Jiravanichpaisal P, Chuaychuwong P, Menasveta P (1997) The use of Lactobacillus sp. as the probiotic bacteria in the giant tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon Fabricius) In : Abstract of poster session of the 2nd Asian-Pacific Marine Biotechnology conference, Phuket thailand p 16

Kawahara, N.; Shigematsu, K.; Miyadai, T.; Kondo, R.2009. Comparison of bacterial communities in fish farm sediments along organic enrichment gradient. Aquaculture, 287, 107–113

Lazdunski, A.M., Ventre, I., Sturgis, J.N. 2004. Regulatory circuits and communication in gram-negative bacteria. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2: 581–592.

Mac Faddin, J.F.. 2004. Biochemical Test for Identification of Media Bacteria. 3rd Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. 902 p.

Malik, I. 2014. Budidaya Udang Vannamei : Tambak Semi Intensif dengan Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL). WWF-Indonesia. Jakarta. Halaman 3-30

Messié, M., Igor Shulmanc , Séverine Martinid , and Steven H.D. Haddock, 2019. Using fluorescence and bioluminescence sensors to characterize auto- and heterotrophic plankton communities. Progress in Oceanography. 171:76-92.

Meyer, J.M. and M.A. Abdallah. 1978. The Fluorescent Pigment of Pseudomonas fluorescens : Biosynthesis, Purification and Physicochemical Properties . Journal of General Microbiology, 107, 319-328.

Muhammadi, E., Aminullah., B, Soesilo. 2001. Analisis sitem dinamis lingkungan hidup, sosial, ekonomi, manajemen. UMJ Press. Jakarta.

Parlina, I., Nasirin, I. M. Ihsan, Suharyadi, A. Syahputra, S. Budiani dan M. Hanif. 2018. Perbandingan pengelolaan lingkungan pada budidaya udang vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei) dengan aplikasi anorganik chelated dengan probiotik. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan. 19 (1): 33-40.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 82 Tahun 2001 Tentang Pengelolaan Kualitas Air dan Pengendalian Pencemaran Air. Sekretaris Negara Republik Indonesia. Jakarta

Phianphak W, Piyatiratitivorakul S, Menasveta P, Rengpipat S (1997) Use of probiotics in Penaeus monodon In : Abstract of poster session of the 2nd Asian-Pacific Marine Biotechnology Conference, Phuket Thailand p 18.

Primavera, J. H. 1998. Tropical shrimp farming and its sustainability. In: De Silva, S. S. (ed). Tropical Mariculture, Academic Press, San Diego, 257-289.

Ruangpan, L. 1998. Luminous bacteria associated with shrimp mortality. In Flegel TW (ed) Advances in shrimp biotechnology. National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Bangkok.

Ruangpan L, Na-anan P, Valiadi, M. and Debora Iglesias-Rodriguez. 2013. Understanding Bioluminescence in Dinoflagellates—How Far Have We Come?. Microorganisms 1, 3-25.

Sugita, H.; Nakamura, H.; Shimada, T. 2005. Microbial communities associated with filter material in recirculating aquaculture systems of freshwater fish. Aquaculture, 243, 403–409.

Valiadi, M. and Debora Iglesias-Rodrigues. 2013. Understanding Bioluminescence in Dinoflagellates—How Far Have We Come?. Microorganisms, 1(1):3-25.


  • There are currently no refbacks.
go to website replica rolex my site repliki zegarków you could try these out richard mille replica learn this here now sex doll.