A Comparison Of Soft-shell Crab Production Methods: Autotomy, Herbal Extract and Natural Rearing

Yushinta Fujaya, Nita Rukmanasari, Nur Alam, Muhammad Rusdi, Khor Waiho, Hanafiah Fazhan


The world market demand for soft-shell crabs is increasing due to their delicate taste and ease of eating. However, the current production methods of soft-shell crabs (mutilation / limb autotomy) is either considered unethical or the waiting period for molting is too long. Thus, this research assessed the effect of mutilation (removal of all appendages except swimming legs), using herbal extract (VitomoltTM) as a stimulant for moulting, and without stimulation (control) on growth (body size and weight increment), molting period, molting percentage and survival. It was observed that mutilation method stimulated faster molting in crabs compared using herbal extracts and naturals, however, with a significantly lower increase in body size and weight. Molting rate was highest in crabs subjected to mutilation (92%), followed by those injected with than VitomoltTM (73%) and control (52%). The survival rate of crabs subjected to VitomoltTM was the highest (94.8%) compared to mutilation group (91.7%) and control (89.6%). Based on these results, mutilation is not recommended for soft-shell crab production due to their lower body size and weight increment (lesser profit for farmers). The use of herbal extract (VitomoltTM) has huge potential as a stimulant for molting in soft-shell crab production as its usage increased survival and molting rate in S. olivacea.


soft-shell crabs, mutilation, herbal extract, moulting, growth

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