Zonal Management: addressing sustainability issues in aquaculture

Ernesto J Morales, Anton Immink, Pamudi Pamudi, Linh Nguyen Thanh, H Han

Abstract


Aquaculture industries in general face several sustainability issues as the operations still rely on the quality of available water resources. Most aquaculture systems utilize common water resources in the production as well as discharging effluents from the farm; hence water is still considered as the major factor in spreading diseases in an area where aquaculture production is concentrated. The most common recommended best management practices nowadays, including national and commercial aquaculture standards, limit the requirement in addressing management issues within the farm only and the outside environment in most cases is overlooked. The Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) as an organization promotes sustainable practices in fisheries and farming, recognizing the cumulative impact of aquaculture on receiving water bodies where aquaculture production is pooled and intensified. Without coordination among producers on sourcing inputs, stocking events, effluent discharge, reporting of disease outbreak and the use of drugs and chemicals, the fate of aquaculture is uncertain. This paper demonstrates the different approaches applied in aquaculture zones in China, Indonesia and Thailand in achieving a more sustainable practice in aquaculture through zonal management. The approach uses a multi-stakeholder strategy where key players of the aquaculture industry play a critical role.

Keywords


zonal management; aquaculture certification; aquaculture improvement project; cumulative impacts; best management practices

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21534/ai.v17i2.46

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