Growth and Carrageenan from Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) at Different Depths and Their Possible Application in Other Locations

Petrus A Wenno, Rajuddin Syamsuddin, Endang Jamal

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the growth and yield of carrageenan from Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) which were cultured at different depths of water. The study lasted for 49 days, using two strains (green and brown), three initial weights (50, 100, 150 g), and five levels of depth (1, 2½, 4, 5½, 7 m). The results showed significant differences between growth rate and yield of carrageenan on the three treatments (P<0.01). The highest growth rate of both morphology types of green and brown occur on the same weight and depth i.e., at initial weight 100g and depth 2½ m, respectively at 5.68 and 6.05% day-1. The yield of carrageenan is likely to increase in depth with the highest value at a depth of 7 m, respectively 17.12% at green type and 14.63% at brown type. The results showed that reducing growth may increase the yield of carrageenan by the increasing of water depth. Based on these results, this study can be applied to another location as long as the quality of water allows farming activities.

Keywords

Kappaphycus alvarezii; Growth rate; Carrageenan yield

Full Text:

FULLTEXT

References

Adnan H., Porse H., 1987 Culture of Eucheuma cottonii and Eucheuma spinosum in Indonesia. Hydrobiologia 151/152:355-358.

Azanza-Corrales, R., Aliaza, T.T., and Montano, N.E., 1996. Recruitment of Eucheuma and Kappaphycus on a farm in Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. Hidrobiologia, 326/327: 235-244.

Dahuri, R., 2012. Cetak Biru Pembangunan Kelautan dan Perikanan. Menuju Indonesia yang Maju, Adil-Makmur, dan Berdaulat. Roda Bahari, Bogor. 134 pp (Indonesian version).

Dy, D.T. and Yap, H.T., 2001. Surge ammonium uptake of the cultured seaweed, Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 265: 89-100.

Glenn, E.P., and Doty, M.S., 1990. Growth of the seaweeds Kappaphycus alvarezii, K. striatum and Eucheuma denticulatum as affected by environment in Hawaii. Aquaculture, 84: 245-255.

Goes, H.G., and Reis, R.P., 2010. What is the best technique for Kappaphycus alvarezii farming at the Soutn coast of Brazil? XX International Seaweed Symposium. Eusenada Baja California Mexico. Feb. 22-26.

Hayashi, L., Paula, E.J.D., and Chow, F., 2007. Growth rate and carrageenan analyses in four strains of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) farmed in the subtropical water of Sao Paulo State,Brazil. J. Appl Phycol. 19: 393-399.

Hung, L.D., Hori, K., Nang, H.Q., Kha, T., and Hoa, L.T., 2009. Seasonal changes in growth rate, carrageenan yield and lectin content in the red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii cultivated in Camranh Bay, Vietnam. J. Appl. Phycol. 21: 265-272.

Hurtado-Ponce, A.Q., Agbayani, R.F., Chavoso, E.A.J., 1996. Economics of Cultivating Kappaphycus alvarezii using fixed-bottom line and hanging-long line methods in Panagatan Cays, Caluya, Antique, Philippines. J. Appl. Phycol., 105: 105-109.

Hurtado, A.Q., Agbayani, R.F., Sanares, R., and Castro-Mallare, M.T.R., 2001. The seasonality and economic feasibility of cultivating Kappaphycus alvarezii in Panagatan Cays, Caluya, Antique, Philippines. Aquaculture, 199: 295-310.

Hurtado, A.Q., and Agbayani, R.F., 2002. Deep-sea farming of Kappaphycus alvarezii using the multiple raft, long-line method. Bot. Mar., 45: 438-444.

Hurtado, A.Q., Critchley, A.T., Trespoey, A., and Bleicher-Lhonneur, G., 2008. Growth and carrageenan quality of Kappaphycus striatum var. sacol grown at different stocking densities, duration of culture and depth. J. Appl. Phycol., 20: 551-555.

Lim, J.R., and Porse, H., 1981. Breakthrough in the commercial culture of Eucheuma spinosum in Northern Bohol, Philippines. In: Levring, T. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th International Seaweed Symposium. Walter de Grayter, Berlin, pp., 601-606.

Msuya, F.E., Shalli, M.S., Sullivan, K., Crawford, B., Tobey, J., and

Mmochi, A.J., 2007. A Comparative Economic Analysis of Two Seaweed Farming Methods in Tanzania. The Sustainable Coastal Communities and Ecosystems Program. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island and the Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association. 27p.

Muñoz, J., Freile-Pelegrin, Y., and Robledo, D., 2004. Mariculture of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae) color stains in tropical waters of Yucatan, Mexico. Aquaculture 239: 161-177.

Naguit, M.R.A., and Tisera, W., 2009. Pigment analysis on Eucheuma denticulatum (Collins & Hervey) and Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) cultivars cultured at different depths. The Treshold IV: 29-37.

Neish, I.C., 2005. The Eucheuma Seaplant Handbook Volume I. Agronomics, Biology and Crop System. SEAPlantNet Technical Monograph No. 0505-10A. Makassar.

Neish, I.C., 2009. Tropical Red Seaweeds as a Foundation for Integrated Multi Tropic Aquaculture (IMTA) Four Propositions and an action plan for this major opportunity in the Coral Triangle. SEAPlant.net Monograph no. HB2E 1209 V3 IMTA.

Ohno, M., Largo, D.B., and Ikumoto, T., 1994. Growth rate, carrageenan yield and gel properties of cultured kappa-carrageenan producing red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty in the subtropical waters of Shikoku, Japan. J. Appl. Phycol., 6(1): 1-5.

Raikar, V., and Wafar, M., 2006. Surge ammonium uptake in macroalgae from a coral atoll. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 339: 236-240.

Santelices, B., 1999. A conceptual framework for marine agronomy. Hydrobiologia, 398/399: 15-23.

Zar, J. H., 1999 Biostatistical analysis. 4th Edition. Prentice Hall International, Inc. Internation Edition, 663 pp.

Wenno, P. A., Syamsuddin R., Zainuddin E. N., Ambo-Rappe R., 2015 Cultivation of red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) at different depths in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 8(3): 468-473.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.